Ethics

Ongoing ethical discussions

Ethical issues related to research questions, methods and analysis will be repeatedly discussed and revised at stakeholder, work packages and programme meetings. As a first step, each WP leader together with the research team will concretize the implementation of the principles listed beow into their specific research tasks. An annual evaluation of how the researchers have succeeded in complying with these ethical principles will be included in each annual report, and in the final report.

Ethical principles of MASD

  1. The programme leaders are accountable for the ethical decisions regarding the programme. Through annual evaluations of the compliance of the ethical principles listed, the aim is to raise an ethical awareness among all researchers involved.
  2. The programme will consult local authorities regarding planned research within their territories. Letters of support will be obtained from these authorities. In seeking letter of support, the researchers will identify all sponsors and sources of support; the persons in charge and all investigators involved in the research; the purposes, goals, and time frame of the research; data gathering techniques; and uses to which the research will be put. The responsibility of researchers to inform continues during the entire programme.
  3. Since governance is the main theme of this project, local residents will mainly be involved indirectly by representation from their local authorities or NGOs, and local economic associations and/or companies with exclusive land or resource use rights in the area. However, local residents will be invited to public information meetings altering between different areas of the European Arctic mainland, and there they will have an opportunity to express their interests and to follow the research process.
  4. Research results will be presented to the general public and local communities in non-technical terms and where possible translated into local languages on the programme web page. Copies of research reports and other relevant materials will be made available to local communities according to the communication plan.
  5. As relevant, publications will refer to stakeholder letters of support and give credit to those contributing to the research project.
  6. The programme will respect local cultural traditions, languages, and values. Efforts will be made to incorporate local and traditional knowledge and experience by involving a broad network of stakeholders. When applicable the principle of cultural property will be elucidated from a governance perspective.
  7. Efforts will be made to provide sustainable governance scenarios involving meaningful experience, training andeconomic opportunities for local people.
  8. In cases where individuals or groups provide information of a confidential nature, their anonymity will be guaranteed in both the original use of data and in its deposition for future use.
  9. No research on children will be undertaken.
  10. No Sacred sites, cultural materials and human remains will be disturbed or removed as a part of this programme.
  11. The programme will respect the privacy and dignity of all the peoples of the European Arctic mainland. Thus, all researchers involved will be encouraged to familiarize themselves with the cultures and traditions of the area, and this perspective will be included in every public meeting or internal gathering during the programme period.
  12. The programme will take into account the knowledge and experience of the peoples of the European Arctic mainland regarding land and resource use, and respect that knowledge and experience in the research process. This perspective will especially be in focus in work package 1, but also integrated into other work packages during the co-production of knowledge.
  13. Stakeholders have the right to withdraw from the research at any point.